Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure 15%
Directions:There are fifteen incomplete sentences in the following.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.
( )1.—Im sorry，Ill have to.Ive had a wonderful evening here.
—Its a pleasure to have you here.
( )2.—How longthis factory?
( )3.He is a strict but kindhearted father,the children respect but are afraid of.
C.for whom D.one whom
( )4.He lived in London for 3 months,duringtime he learned some English.
( )5.The weather turned out to be very good,was more than we could expect.
( )6.Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase,was very reasonable.
A.which price B.the price of which
C.its price D.the price of whose
( )7.Heres my card.Lets keep in .
( )8.the increase in air fares,most people still prefer to travel by plane.
A.No matter how B.Though
( )9.She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make itenough to eat.
( )10.There is noevidence that people can control their dreams,at least in experimental situations in a lab.
( )11.He said that ending the agreement wouldthe future of small or familyrun shops,lead to fewer books being published and increase prices of all but a few bestsellers.
( )12.I could hear nothing but the roar of the airplane engines whichall other sounds.
( )13.Tom is bankrupt now.He is desperate because all his effortsfailure.
A.tumbled to B.hinged upon
C.inflicted on D.culminated in
( )14.If the valueadded tax were done away with,it would act as ato consumption.
( )15.It is my hope that everyone in this class shouldtheir errors before it is too late.
Directions:There is one passage with blanks in this part.For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the ONE that best fills in the blank.
Space is a dangerous place,not only because of meteors (流星) but also because of rays from the sun and other planets.
The atmosphere again acts1our protective blanket on2.Light gets through,and this is essential3plants to make the food which we4.Heat,5,makes our environments tolerable and some ultraviolet rays (紫外線的) penetrate the6.Cosmic (宇宙的) rays of various kinds come7the air from outer space,but8quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off.9men leave the atmosphere they are10to this radiation;11their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft,if they are inside,12prevent a lot of radiation damage.
Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in13.Doses of radiation are measured in14called “rems (雷目)”.We all15radiation here on earth from the sun,from cosmic rays and from radioactive minerals.The “16” dose of radiation that we receive each year is about two millirems; it17according to where you live,and this is a very rough estimate.
Scientists have reason to think18a man can19far more radiation20without being damaged; the figure of 60 rems has been agreed.
( )1.A.for B.with C.on D.as
( )2.A.stars B.sun C.earthD.space
( )3.A.with B.from C.underD.for
( )4.A.use B.live C.eat D.get
( )5.A.again B.also C.besides D.too
( )6.A.environment B.space C.atmosphere D.earth
( )7.A.across B.to C.from D.through
( )8.A.valid B.enormous C.various D.proper
( )9.A.As soon as B.As well as C.As much as D.As possible as
( )10.A.shown B.exposed C.faced D.covered
( )11.A.but B.because C.so D.so that
( )12.A.get B.make C.have D.do
( )13.A.earth B.atmosphere C.space D.environment
( )14.A.pieces B.units C.parts D.elements
( )15.A.receive B.accept C.bring D.catch
( )16.A.conventional B.common C.general D.normal
( )17.A.shifts B.converts C.modifies D.varies
( )18.A.what B.which C.that D.why
( )19.A.put up with B.keep up with C.come up with D.catch up with
( )20.A.from B.than C.asD.away
Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension 36%
Directions:There are four passages in this part.Each passage is followed by several questions and unfinished sentences.For each of them there are several choices.You should decide on the BEST ONE.
I never wanted a dog,but now Im so glad I have one.
About two years ago,my wife,Cathy,got a little dog with a face only a mother could love.We named her Gertie.
Gertie is the kind of dog that has to grow on you.So I decided that the dog would be trained.This didnt quite go as planned.At 15 weeks old,she was nearly made to leave the Petsmart Training School.She spent every night lying in our bed—snoring so loudly that I hardly got a good nights sleep.
Then,about six months after she arrived,I felt that something in my heart was taking place,and I was unable to stop it.My behavior began to change.I began to smile at people when passing them in a street.I returned from neighbors.I started calling my kids and,to my surprise,they started calling me.I even tried to speak to my grandchildren over the phone once.I even was glad to listen to laughter from a 10monthold granddaughter.The point is that I was changing.
My wife and I both agree that it is Gertie who has changed my behavior.
Gertie is now nearly two years old and almost fully grown.I have come to like the pet little by little,though she is my wifes dog.
( )1.What did the man think of the dog at the beginning?
A.It wasnt very lovely. B.It looked very beautiful.
C.It wasnt necessary to be trained. D.It could change his life.
( )2.When did the mans behavior begin to change?
A.About two years ago.
B.When Gertie was nearly two years old.
C.When Gertie was 15 weeks old.
D.About six months after Gertie arrived.
( )3.Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the mans change?
A.He began to smile at people.
B.He liked helping his neighbors.
C.He started calling his kids.
D.He spoke to his grandchildren over the phone.
()4.What can we learn from this passage?
A.The dog has been trained very well.
B.The man has become more confident.
C.The man has become more friendly.
D.The man likes the dog better than his wife.
The African elephant,the largest land animal remaining on earth,is of great importance to African ecosystem(生態系統).Unlike other animals,the African elephant is to a great extent the builder of its environment.As a big planteater,it largely shapes the forestandsavanna(大草原) surroundings in which it lives,therefore setting the terms of existence for millions of other animals that live in its habitat(棲息地).
It is the elephants great desire for food that makes it a disturber of the environment and an important builder of its habitat.In its continuous search for the 300 pounds of plants it must have every day,it kills small trees and underbushes,and pulls branches off big trees.This results in numerous open spaces in both deep tropical forests and in the woodlands that cover part of the African savannas.In these open spaces are numerous plants in various stages of growth that attract a variety of other planteaters.
Take the rain forests for example.In their natural state,the spreading branches overhead shut out sunlight and prevent the growth of plants on the forest floor.By pulling down trees and eating plants,elephants make open spaces,allowing new plants to grow on the forest floor.In such situations,the forests become suitable for large hoofed planteaters to move around and for small planteaters to get their food as well.
What worries scientists now is that the African elephant has become an endangered species.If the elephant disappears,scientists say,many other animals will also disappear from vast areas of forest and savanna,greatly changing and worsening the whole ecosystem.
( )5.What is the passage mainly about?
A.Disappearance of African elephants.
B.Forests and savannas as habitats for African elephants.
C.The effect of African elephants search for food.
D.The eating habit of African elephants.
( )6.What does the underlined phrase “setting the terms” most probably mean?
A.Fixing the time.
B.Worsening the state.
C.Improving the quality.
D.Deciding the conditions.
( )7.What do we know about the open spaces in the passage?
A.They result from the destruction of rain forests.
B.They provide food mainly for African elephants.
C.They are home to many endangered animals.
D.They are attractive to planteating animals of different kinds.
( )8.The passage is developed mainly by.
A.showing the effects and then explaining the causes
B.pointing out similarities and differences
C.describing the changes in space order
The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health.Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat,it has,at the same time,made many foods unfit to eat.Some research has shown that perhaps eighty percent of all human illnesses are related to diet and forty percent of cancer is related to the diet as well,especially cancer of the colon.Different cultures are more likely to cause certain different illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures.That food is related to illness is not a new discovery.In 1945,about 35 years ago,government researchers realized that nitrates,commonly used to preserve color in meats,and other food additives,caused cancer.Yet,these carcinogenic additives remain in our food,and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful.The additives which we eat are not all so direct.Farmers often give penicillin to beef and living animals,and because of this,penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cow.Sometimes similar drugs are given to animals not for medical purposes,but for financial reasons.The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market.Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures,the practices continue.
( )9.What is the best possible title of the passage?
A.Drug and Food B.Cancer and Health
C.Food and Health D.Health and Drug
( )10.Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A.Drugs are always given to animals for medical reasons.
B.Some of the additives in our food are added to the food itself and some are given to the living animals.
C.Researchers have known about the potential dangers of food additives for over thirtyfive years.
D.Food may cause forty percent of cancer in world.
( )11.How has science done something harmful to mankind?
A.Because of science,diseases caused by polluted food have been virtually eliminated.
B.It has caused a lack of information concerning the value of food.
C.Because of the application of science,some potentially harmful substances have been added to food.
D.The scientists have preserved the color of meats,but not of vegetables.
( )12.What are nitrates used for?
A.They preserve flavor in packaged foods.
B.They preserve the color of meats.
C.They are the objects of research.
D.They cause the animals to become fatter.
( )13.The word “carcinogenic” most nearly means “”.
A scientific panel convened by the World Health Organization recommended guidelines on Friday for doctors conducting clinical studies of SARS patients.The panel urged doctors to apply the guidelines in analyzing the masses of potentially useful information about various therapies that were collected in this years epidemic.Much of that information has not been published or analyzed.
“It is a matter of urgency to get better analysis and review.” said Dr.Simon Mardel,a WHO official who led the twoday meeting that ended on Friday.He said thousands of potential therapies and compounds had been tested so far as researchers try to determine treatments for SARS,or severe acute respiratory syndrome.“We recognize that having no treatment for SARS is hindering our ability to control an epidemic in so many ways.” He said.
In the epidemic earlier this year,various treatments,like drugs to fight the virus or strengthen the immune system,as well as traditional Chinese medicine,were delivered under emergency conditions,in widely different settings and countries to patients suffering from varying stages of the illness.Those conditions—generally without standardized measurements or controlled situations—have made it hard to interpret results.
Standard supportive therapy like nursing,and in severe cases the use of mechanical respirators(呼吸器)to help patients breathe,is the mainstay(主要支持)of SARS care,and helped many patients survive.But doctors still do not know how best to treat SARS patients who have breathing difficulties,Dr.Mardel said.One method is invasive ventilation.A second method involves blowing oxygen into the lungs through a mask.Both carry the risk of transmitting the virus to hospital employees.Without proper analysis,the panel was unable to say definitively which treatment worked best,or which caused the most harm.“There is a lack of shared information.” Dr.Mardel said,noting that a lot of data have not been published.
The panel also agreed on guidelines that would allow doctors to conduct quick and safe clinical trials,a process that generally takes years to complete.The World Health Organization,a United Nations agency did not release the guidelines.Dr.Mardel said they were flexible because no one knew where,when and in what setting SARS would return.Experts in many countries have already listed the treatments they want to test,and the health agency is leaving these decisions to individual nations.
( )14.Guidelines recommended by the scientific panel can be used for.
A.gathering potentially useful information about various therapies collected
B.conducting clinical studies of SARS patients
C.determining treatment for SARS
D.publishing all the information about SARS
( )15.According to the passage,it is difficult to interpret the results of certain treatments for SARS because.
A.patients were in different countries
B.patients were given medicines in widely different settings
C.patients were at different stages of the illness
D.these conditions had no standardized measurements or controlled situations
( )16.According to doctors,the two methods to treat SARS patients who have breathing difficulties both.
A.carry the risk of infecting hospital employees
B.are effective in curing patients who have breathing difficulties
C.dont run the risk of transmitting the virus to hospital employees
D.prove to work effectively and cause no harm
( )17.According to a WHO official,Dr.Mardel,the guidelines were flexible because.
A.SARS would reemerge in poor countries
B.no one knew where,when and in what setting SARS would return
C.SARS would not appear in developed countries
D.no one knew whether SARS would return or not
( )18.Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A.SARS,a Dreadful Disease
B.No Good Methods to Treat SARS
C.SARS Will Return One Day
D.Health Panel Recommends New Guidelines on SARS
Directions:Translate the following passages into Chinese.
Surely ambition is behind dreams of glory,of wealth,of distinction,of accomplishment,of pleasure,of goodness.What life does with our dreams and expectations cannot,of course,be predicted.Some dreams,begun in selflessness,end in rancor; other dreams,begun in selfishness,end in largeheartedness.The unpredictability of the outcome of dreams is no reason to cease dreaming.
So if you want people to get on board,help them open their windows and urge them to look at the world outside.Expose them to the same eyeopening information you have,and discuss it openly.If they dont have the skills to analyze and interpret the data,then provide them with coaching and education.You dont need to have a Ph.D.to intelligently appraise a competitive analysis or a market research study.Remember: people get on board when they look outward and see for themselves the reasons for change.
Directions: In this part,you are required to write a composition on the topic What does friendship mean? You should write at least 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure
3.D 【解析】替代詞one在句中作同位心中一動語，代指father，後面再接一個定語從句。先行詞one 又在從句中充當賓語，用whom。
4.B 【解析】由which 引導的非限定⌒ 性定語從句，which可代整個主句，相當於and this或and that。which一般放在句中。
6.B 【解析】which為關系▼代詞，引導定語從句修飾Chinese vase。
7.A 【解析】keep in touch意為“保持聯絡”。
8.D 【解析】no matter how 意為“不管，無論”，引導讓步◆狀語從句;regardless 意為“不顧”，應與 of 連用;though 意為“盡管”，引導讓步狀逍遙笨笨仙語從句;despite 意為“盡管，不顧”，後面接名詞或名詞性∑ 詞組。
12.B 【解析】overturn意為“推翻, 顛倒”;drown意為“淹沒”;deafen意為“使聾”;smooth意為“使光滑，使優雅”。本句㊣的意思是“我聽不到任何其他聲音，飛機發動機的轟鳴聲淹沒了它們”。
13.D 【解析】tumble to意為“恍然大悟”;hinge on意為“靠……轉動, 以……為轉移”;inflict on意為“使……受痛苦”，culminate in意為“最終”。本句的意∩思是“湯姆現在破產了。他陷入了絕望，因為他的所有努力最終都⊙白費了”。
15.D 【解析】refute意為“反駁”;exclude意為“排除”;expel意為“驅逐, 開除”;rectify意為“糾正”。本句的◣意思是“我希望我們班裏的每一個人都能夠及時地改正自己的錯誤”。
1-5 DCDCD6-10 CDBAB11-15 ADCBA16-20 DDCAB
1-4 ADBC5-8 CDDA9-13 CACBD14-18 BDABD
2.A 【解析】自我意識是個體對自●己以及自己與周邊事物的關系進行認識時所產生的一種意識活動。個人自我意識的發展經渾身酸疼歷了從生理自我到社會自我再到心理自我的ω 過程。心理自我時期，個體自覺地ξ按照一定的行動目標和社傳至我們這一代會準則來評價自己的心理品質和能力。