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                初中英語教師招聘考嬉笑道試高度模擬試卷及西蒙搖搖晃晃參考答案(六)

                來源:原創    人氣:1074    發表時間:2014-10-09

                 

                專業基礎知識︻部分


                .Vocabulary and Structure 30%
                Directions:There are thirty incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.
                ()1.Does the TV sayhappened in Iraq every day?
                A.terrible somethingB.something terrible
                C.terrible anythingD.anything terrible
                ()2.Jim borrowed a Chinese book from his classmate. Heit for three days.
                A.has borrowedB. has lent
                C.has kept D.lend
                ()3.Many kinds of flowers were on Dong Feng Square last month.
                A.on showB.on land
                C.on earth D.on watch
                ()4.
                Would you like some more chicken ,Linda?
                .
                A.I
                d like toB.Just a little,please
                C.Yes,I
                d like a drinkD.I
                d like some
                ()5.
                Will your friend go for a picnic this Sunday?
                If I don
                t go,.
                A.so does heB.so he will
                C.neither does heD.neither will he
                ()6.
                do you visit your grandparents before?
                Every winter.
                A.How longB.How often
                C.How soonD.How much
                ()7.She went to BeijingOctober 2
                2000 and came backa cold morning last year.
                A.in;onB.on;in
                C.on;onD.in;in
                ()8.Unless heto help us,we shall lose the game.
                A.promisesB.will promise
                C.would promiseD.had promised
                ()9.We have no paper.
                A.writeB.to write
                C.writing onD.to write on
                ()10.
                You wantsandwich?
                Yes,I usually eat a lot when I
                m hungry.
                A.anotherB.other
                C.othersD.the other
                ()11.Since last term,each of theman English
                English dictionary.
                A.hadB.has
                C.has hadD.have had
                ()12.The book called Harry Potter mustn
                t from the library.
                A.take awayB.taken away
                C.are taken awayD.be taken away
                ()13.Before we started out,we
                d betterthe time of the next train in the time table.
                A.look afterB.look up
                C.look forD.to look for
                ()14.Mary doesn
                t like bluered.But.
                A.or;Lily doesB.and;does Lily
                C.nor;Lily isD.neither;is Lily
                ()15.There are threeassistants in thatshop.
                A.women;shoeB.woman;shoe
                C.woman;shoesD.women;shoes
                ()16.
                How do you know that she likes singing?
                I often hear herafter class.
                A.to singB.sangC.singD.sings
                ()17.When people want to relax themselves,they preferTV or listen to music rather than newspapers.
                A.watching;readB.watching; to read
                C.to watch ;readD.to watch;reading
                ()18.The new librarian still doesn
                t knowthe out of
                date newspapers and magazines.
                A.what to deal withB.how to deal with
                C.how to do withD.what to do away with
                ()19.to make a good beginning,these new comers did all that they could to get themselves well  prepared.
                A.To be determinedB.Determined
                C.Being determinedD.Determining
                ()20.It is usually considered that living with disability is.
                A.challenged and frustratedB.challenged and frustrating
                C.challenging and frustratedD.challenging and frustrating
                ()21.Those guestsat the front now came here from a European country early this morning.
                A.who seatedB.seating
                C.were sittingD.seated
                ()22.It is said that a grave of a middle
                aged manabout 2300 B.C. was found by some English
                archaeologists in the year of 2002.
                A.dating backB.dated back to
                C.dating back toD.dated from
                ()23.She told her neighbour that hethe well
                known scientist if he had attended the lecture.
                A.could meetB.might have met
                C.might meetD.would meet
                ()24.The citizens didn
                t feel safe at all after several families had their housesat night and
                a lot of things stolen.
                A.broken inB.broken into
                C.to be broken intoD.break in
                ()25.Come on,Harry,why stand there alone?We
                ll go to play ballgames.How aboutus?
                A.taking part inB.joining
                C.joining inD.attending
                ()26.before you leave the lab.
                A.Make sure that the windows are shut
                B.To make sure that the windows are shut
                C.Making sure to shut the windows
                D.To be sure to shut the windows
                ()27.The villager told them that his village wasthat of theirs.
                A.three times larger thanB.as large as three times
                C.three times as larger asD.three times size of
                ()28.Some old potsclay were found lyingto the dead body.
                A.made from;closelyB.made of;close
                C.made by;closely D.made up of ;close
                ()29.A way must be thought ofhis wound, otherwise he might bleed to.
                A.to stop;dieB.stopping; death
                C.to stop;deathD.stopping; dead
                ()30.My suggestion iswe should have mercythese homeless children and offer them some help.
                A.that;onB.what;to
                C.which;forD.that;for
                .Reading Comprehension 15%
                Directions:There are three passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions or
                unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.You should decide
                on the BEST ONE.
                Passage 1
                Not everyone in the world requires the same amount of living space.The amount of space a person needs around him is a cultural difference,not an economic one.Knowing your own psychological space needs is important because they strongly affect your choices,including,for example,the number of bedrooms in the home.If you were brought up in a two
                child family and both you and your sister or brother had your own bedrooms,the chances are if you have two children or more,that you also will offer separate bedrooms for them.In America,for example,they train people to want to have their own rooms by giving them their own rooms when they are babies.This is very unusual in the world.In many other countries,the baby sleeps in the same bed with his parents or in bed near them. The space in the home also shows a lot about the psychological space needs.Some families gather closer to each other and the size of their house has nothing to do with it.Others have separate little corners where family members go to be alone. Although it is true that the psychological space needs are not decided by economic reasons,they sometimes have to be changed a little because of economic pressure.It is almost impossibe,however,to completely change your psychological space needs.
                ()1.The first sentence in Paragraph 1
                Not everyone in the world requires the same amount of
                living space
                mean .
                A.not two people need exactly the same amount of living space
                B.living space requirements are not always the same
                C.the world requires the same amount of living space
                D.nobody needs a required amount of living space
                ()2.Some families gather closer to each other at home than others because.
                A.they have limited living space
                B.they are brought up in a large family
                C.it satisfies their psychological space needs
                D.the children in the family sleep in the same bed with their parents
                ()3.Which of the following is true according to the passage?
                A.Americans are trained to live in large rooms at birth.
                B.Situation decides one
                s amount of space needs.
                C.People in various countries demand different psychological space.
                D.Knowing your psychological space needs is important, as it affects your future.
                ()4.According to the writer of the passage, psychological space needs.
                A.are not affected by income at all
                B.can hardly be changed altogether
                C.can be changed if you make up your mind to do so
                D.have nothing to do with cultural background
                ()5.The best title for this passage is.
                A.American Way of Living
                B.Psychological Space
                C.Space Needs in Different Countries
                D.Psychological Space and Economic Pressure
                Passage 2
                Flying over a desert area in an airplane,two scientists looked down with trained eyes at trees and bushes,After an hour
                s flight one of the scientists wrote in his book,Look here for probable metal.Scientists in another airplane,flying over a mountain area,sent a message to other scientists on the ground,Gold possible.Walking across hilly ground,four scientists reported.The ground should be searched for metal.From an airplane over a hilly wasteland a scientist sent there by radio one word:Uranium. None of the scientists had X
                ray eyes:they had on magic powers of looking down below the earth s surface.They were merely putting to use one of the newest methods of locating minerals in the ground,using trees and plants as signs that certain minerals may lie beneath the ground on which trees and plants are growing. This newest method of searchng for minerals is based on the fact that minerals deep in the earth may affect the kind of bushes and trees that grow on the surface. At Weston Bar Greek,a brook six thousand feet high in the mountains of British Columbia,Canada,a mineral search group gathered bags of tree seeds.Boxes were filled with small branches from the trees.Roots were dug and put into boxes.Each bag and box was carefully marked.In a scientific laboratory the parts of the forest trees were burned to ashes and tested.Each small part was examined to learn whether there were minerals in it. Study of the roots,branches,and seeds showed no silver.But there were small amounts of gold in the roots and a little less gold in the branches and seeds.The seeds growing nearest to the tree trunk had more gold than those growing on the ends of the branches.
                ()6.Scientists were flying over a desert of a hilly wasteland or a mountain area in order to search
                forin the ground.
                A.goldB.silver
                C.metalD.minerals
                ()7.The study of trees, branches and roots shows that.
                A.larger amounts of gold in the branches than in the seeds
                B.smaller amounts of gold in the roots than in the branches
                C.less amounts of gold in the seeds growing on the ends of branches than seeds growing nearest
                to the tree trunk
                D.there was more gold in the branches than in the roots
                ()8.Which is the best title suggested below?
                A.Scientists Searching for Metals with Special Power.
                B.New Methods of Searching for Minerals.
                C.Gold Could Be Found by Trees and Plants.
                D.A New Method of Searching for Minerals-Using Trees and Plants.
                ()9.Which of the following is not mentioned as part of a tree that can help find minerals?
                A.Leaves.B.Roots.
                C.Branches.D.Seeds.
                ()10.The scientists were in search for minerals by using.
                A.X
                rayB.trees and plants
                C.a special instrumentD.trained eyes
                Passage 3
                Taiwan police cannot decide whether to treat it as an extremely clever act of stealing or an even cleverer cheat.Either way,it could be the perfect crime,because the criminals are birds-homing pigeons! The crime begins with a telephone message to the owner of a stolen car:if you want the car back,pay up.Then,the car owner is directed to a park,told where to find a bird cage and how to attach money to the neck of the pigeon inside.Carrying the money in a tiny bag,the pigeon flies off. There have been at least four such pigeon pick
                ups in Changwa.What at first seemed like the work of a clever stay at home car thief,however,may in fact be the work of an even lazier and more inventive criminal mind-one that avoids not only collecting money but going out to steal the car in the first place.Police officer Chen says that the criminal probably has pulled a double trick:he gets money for things he cannot possibly return.Instead of stealing cars,he lets someone else do it and then waits for the car owner to place an ad in the newspaper asking for help. The theory is supported by the fact that,so far,none of the stolen cars have been returned.Also,the amount of money demanded-under 3,000 Taiwanese dollars-seems too little for a car worth many times more. Demands for pigeon-delivered money stopped as soon as the press reported the story.And even if they start again,Chen holds little hope of catching the criminal.We have more important things to do,
                he said.
                ()11.After the car owner received a phone call,he.
                A.went to a certain pigeon and put some money in the bag it carried
                B.gave the money to the thief and had his car back in a park
                C.sent some money to the thief by mail
                D.told the press about it
                ()12.The
                lazier and more inventive criminal
                in the third paragraph refers to .
                A.the car thief who stays at home
                B.one of those who put the ads in the paper
                C.one of the policemen is Changwa
                D.the owner of the pigeons
                ()13.The writer mentions the fact that
                none of the stolen cars have been returned
                to show.
                A.how easily people get fooled by criminals
                B.what Chen thinks might be correct
                C.the thief is extremely clever
                D.the money paid is too little
                ()14.The underlined word
                they
                in the last paragraph refers to.
                A.criminalsB.pigeons
                C.the stolen carsD.demands for money
                ()15.We may infer from the text that the criminal knows how to reach the car owners because.
                A.he reads the ads in the newspaper
                B.he lives in the same neighborhood
                C.he has seen the car owners in the park
                D.he has trained the pigeons to follow them
                .Proofreading and Error Correction 10%
                Directions:There is one passage in this part.The passage contains no more than TEN errors.Each
                indicated line contains a maximun of ONE error.In each case,only ONE word is involved.You should proofread the passage and correct it the following way: When
                art museum wants a new exhibit1.an itneverbuys things in finished form and hangs2.去掉

                them on the wall.When a natural history museum3.

                wants an exhibition,it must often build it.4.exhibit
                I ve really got to do something to lose weight because
                I m getting too fat.I wasn
                t worried about it until I go1.
                to see the doctor.He told me that I
                d probably had a heart2.
                attack while I started eating less.When you
                re on a diet you3.
                have to stop eat too much even though you are always hungry.4.
                They may be very hard to do and you certainly need a lot 5.
                of will
                power to succeed.So I will stay on a health farm for a 6.
                month I won
                t be able to eat much and so I
                ll have to stick7.
                to my diet.I
                ll also do plenty of exercise, which won
                t give8.
                me any harm too.Both the diet and the exercise will9.
                help me to lose weight and feel more better.10.

                .Translation 20%
                Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese.
                I know a valley in North Wales,between the mountains and the sea.It is a beautiful valley,snug,comfortable,sheltered by the mountains from all the bitter blasts.But it is very enervating,and I remember how the boys were in the habit of climbing the hill above the village to have a glimpse of the great mountains in the distance,and to be stimulated and freshened by the breezes which came from the hilltops,and by the great spectacle of their grandeur.We have been living in a sheltered valley for generations.We have been too comfortable and too indulgent
                many,perhaps,too selfishand the stern hand of fate has scourged us to an elevation where we can see the great everlasting things that matter for a nation
                the great peaks we had forgotten,of Honour,Duty,Patriotism,and,clad in glittering white,the great pinnacle of Sacrifice pointing like a rugged finger to heaven.We shall descend into the valleys again;but as long as the men and women of this generation last,they will carry in their hearts the image of those great mountain peaks.
                .Writing 25%
                Directions:What do you think of the appreciation in education?Please write a composition about
                80~100 words.


                教法技日本之行不簡單能部分(教育學、心理學)


                六、單項選擇題(在每小題的四個備選答案中,選擇一個符合題意的正確答案,本大題共10 小題,每小題

                1
                分,共10 )
                ()1.
                教◤師專業化的嘗試始於。

                A.
                教師職□ 業的出現B.師資現在培訓機構的建立

                C.
                教育立法的規定D.國民教育制度的建立▲

                ()2.
                就兒童發展確是放*蕩不羈整體而言,生理的成熟先於心理的成熟體現了兒童要不然也不會因為身體蜷曲起來靠著組織身心發展的。

                A.
                順序性B.不平衡性

                C.
                個別差異性D.階段性

                ()3.
                良好班集體形成的重要標誌是。

                A.
                有明確的奮鬥■目標

                B.
                有健全的組織系統和領導核心

                C.
                形【成了正確的輿論和良好的班風

                D.
                有嚴格的規章制度與紀律

                ()4.
                為完成特定啥的教學任務,教師和學生按一定要求組合起來進行活動的結構,稱為。

                A.
                教學模式B.教學組織形看著臉帶紅暈式

                C.
                教學原則D.教學過程

                ()5.1924
                年,我國第一∏本《教育心○理學》教科☉書出版,它的作者是。

                A.
                陶行知B.蔡元培

                C.
                潘菽D.廖世承

                ()6.
                世界上最著名的智力量表是。

                A.
                比納—西蒙量表B.斯坦福—比納量表

                C.
                比納—推孟量表D.維克斯勒▓量表

                ()7.
                帶領學生深入工廠或農村進行實地參觀訪問的直觀教學∏形式為。

                A.
                形象直觀B.實物直觀

                C.
                模象直觀D.言語直觀

                ()8.
                通過集體討論,使思維相互撞擊,迸發火花,達到集思廣益效果的思維訓練方法稱為。

                A.
                討論法B.頭腦風暴這件事你還是不要管了法

                C.
                啟發法D.用途擴散法

                ()9.
                通常用GBKBMB 來表示計算機的存儲容量,它們的但明顯有添油加醋大小關系是。

                A.KB<MB<GBB.KB<GB<MB< p>
                C.MB<KB<GBD.MB<GB<KB< p>
                ()10.
                調制解調器的↘作用是。

                A.
                把數字信號轉換為模擬信號

                B.
                把模擬信號和倒是自己太小人了數字信號相互轉換

                C.
                把模這個美女服務員並沒有看到他擬信號轉換為數字信號

                D.
                其他三個答案都不對Ψ

                七、多事實就是如此項選擇題(在每小題的五個備選答案〓中,選出二至五個符合題意的正確答案,少選、多選、錯選,該

                題均無分。本大題共5 小題,每小題2 分,共10 )
                ()1.
                學校教育☆與家庭教育相互配合的方法有。

                A.
                互訪B.民主評議

                C.
                家長會D.家長委員會

                E.
                校外指導

                ()2.
                我國學校德育內容主要是。

                A.
                政治教育B.思想教育

                C.
                道德教育D.心理健康∑ 教育

                E.
                體育教育

                ()3.
                教學策略主要有。

                A.
                以教師為主導的教學策略B.以學生為中心的教學策略

                C.
                個別化教學D.計算機輔助教學

                E.
                行動策略

                ()4.
                影響課堂管理的因素有。

                A.
                教師的領導】風格B.班級眉毛上挑的規模

                C.
                班級李超說的性質D.對教師的期望卐

                E.
                學生的智力第140去日本水平

                ()5.
                在文字處理軟件Word 中,字數統計命令能完成的統計對象是。

                A.
                字符數B.字節數C.字數D.頁數E.段落數

                八、填空題(將適當的內容填在橫線上,本大題共5 小題,每小題2 分,共10
                )
                1.
                新課程倡導的學習方式有:自主學習、、探究學習。

                2.
                心理健康教育的內容主要分為□三個方面即、生活輔導和擇業指導。

                3.
                日常教育』中所謂的“舉一反三”、“觸類旁通”、“聞一知十”等現象,在教育◢心理學上稱之為。

                4.
                一般認為,態度與品德形成過程○的階段依次為依從、認同、。

                5.
                在用Windows 提供的“計算器”進行復雜醜聞也必須消匿於此函數、統計運算時,應在“查看”菜單中把計算器設置為。

                九、簡答題(本大題共3 小題,每小題4 分,共12
                )
                1.
                評價教※師課堂教學質量的基本因素有哪些
                ?
                2.
                教學過程的基本卐特點有哪些
                ?
                3.
                某臺計算機的硬盤上存有以下文件:丁香花.mp3index.htm、新課程.txt、成龍.doc、哭沙.rm、中國.bmp、五指山.jpeg、還原精靈.rar、飛翔.gifdog.mpgcxsj.html,請按不同類型分類
                :
                圖形、圖像文件:

                聲音文件:

                文本文件:

                網頁文件:

                十、論述題(8
                )
                試述建構主義學習理論的主要々觀點及教育啟示。

                【答案解析】

                專業基礎知識部分

                .Vocabulary and Structure
                1.D
                【解析】形容Ψ 詞修飾everything, something, anything 時,置於這些詞後面。疑問句用anything

                2.C
                【解析】略。

                3.A
                【解析】on show 意為“被展示”;on land 意為“馬上”;on earth 意為“究竟”;on watch 意為“監視”。

                4.B
                【解析】本題考查情景對話。答句意為“只要我決定加入安全局一點點”。

                5.D
                【解析】略。

                6.B
                【解析】針對頻度副詞提問用how often

                7.C
                【解析】在具體的某一天用on,有形容詞修飾的早中晚用介詞on

                8.A
                【解析】略。

                9.D
                【解析】write on paper 意為“在紙上寫字”。

                10.A
                【解析】意為“你想再吃一個①三明治嗎?”。

                11.C
                【解析】since+過去時間,用現在完成時,主語為each,故用第三人稱單數。

                12.D
                【解析】書是被帶走,故用※被動語態,mustn t 後面跟動詞原形。

                13.B
                【解析】had better do…意為“最好做……”。look after 意為“照顧”;look up 意為“查找(

                字典),查資料”;look for 意為“尋找”。
                14.A
                【解析】略。

                15.A
                【解析】man woman 修飾其→他名詞時,如果後面名詞用復數,則相應地改▓成men women

                16.C
                【解析】hear sb.do…意為“聽到某人這裏就安全了做某事”。

                17.C
                【解析】prefer to dorather than(to) do…意為“比起做……更願意做……”。

                18.B
                【解析】how to deal with/what to do with 意為“如何處理”。

                19.D
                【解析】現在分詞表主動。

                20.D
                【解析】challenged 意為“受到挑戰№的”;challenging 意為“富有挑戰性的”;frustrated 意為“失

                敗的,落空的”;frustrating 意為“使人沮ζ 喪的,令人事情泄氣的”。
                21.D
                【解析】A 項若為“who are seated”則可選。考查sit seat 的區別和用法。

                22.C
                【解析】date back to 意為“追溯到”,不用被動。

                23.B
                【解析】might have done 意為“本可以做……”。

                24.A
                【解析】兩者都可表示“強行進入”、“插嘴”等,但break in 通常是不及物的,而break into

                常是及物的。
                25.B
                【解析】take part in 參加活動;join in 加入組織;attend 參加講座等。

                26.A
                【解析】略。

                27.A
                【解析】略。

                28.B
                【解析】make of, make from 都表示由……制成,看得出原材料用make of,看不出原材料用make from

                close, closely 都作副詞用時,close 是◆距離上的接近,而closely 是感情關系上的親近。 close 表示
                “靠近”、“緊緊地”,closely 則表示“緊密地”、“嚴密地”、“密切地”。這裏註樣子意是“old pots”。
                29.C
                【解析】to 表目的,bleed to death 意為“流血致死”。類似的用法還有:
                starve to death, sentence
                to death
                等。

                30.A
                【解析】have mercy on…意為“對……表示憐憫”。

                .Reading Comprehension
                1-5 ACCBB6-10 DCDAB11-15 ADBDA
                .Proofreading and Error Correction
                1.go
                went
                2.had
                have
                3.while
                unless
                4.eat
                eating
                5.They
                It
                6.

                7.month
                month where
                8.exercise
                exercises
                9.too
                either
                10.
                去掉
                more
                .Translation
                【參考答案】我知道〗在北威爾士的高山和大海之間有一個山⊙谷。這是一個美麗的地方,溫暖而舒適,由於大︻山的屏蔽,使它得以免受狂風的侵擾。可這山谷卻毫無生氣,我記得男孩們習慣於爬到村頭的小山上, 就為了看一『眼遠處的山巒,就¤為了從來自小山頂的微風和從壯麗的景色中得到刺激和∮新鮮感。我們多少代以來◢都一直住在被屏蔽的山谷裏。我們一直◥活得太舒服、太懶散了,許多身上人也許非常自私;但嚴〓厲的命運之手正驅使我們,使我們站到一個新的高度。從這裏我們能夠卻假意露出怯弱看到維系一個國家偉大永恒的東西——我們已經忘卻的榮譽、職責、愛國主義,以及裹藏在白色光輝中的犧牲的峰巔,它像一根粗糙註意的手指直指蒼穹。我們將再次回到山谷,然而只要這一代人生存下去,他們就會在心中保留那些偉大峰巔№的形象。

                .Writing
                【參考答案】略。

                教法技能部分(教育學、心理學
                )
                六、單項選擇題

                1.B
                【解析】略。

                2.B
                【解析】兒童那西裝男子湊著經理耳朵說了兩句身心發展的不平衡性,是指在兒童發展過程中身體還算帥氣和心理ㄨ發展不完全協調、統一☉的現象。就兒童發展的整體而言√,生理成熟◣是先於心理成熟的。十幾歲的孩子就其身體★發育來看,已經很接近成人的水平了,而其心●理的成熟程度,卻要比成人低得多。但就某個具體方面而言,也有可能表現心理發展不受生理成熟條件控制的情況。

                3.C
                【解析】正確的集體輿論和良好的班風是良好班集體形成的重要標誌。它以無形的力量幫助班主任影響和教育學生,對個別學朱俊州手掌中彈生的影響,往往比班主任個人的力量要有效得多。

                4.B
                【解析】教學模式是在一定教學思想或教學理論指導下建立起來的較為穩定的教學活動結構此時框架和活動程序。教學組織形式是指為完成特定的教學任務,教師和學生按一定要求組合起來進行活動的結構。教學原則是有效進行←教學必須遵循的基〗本要求。教學過程是一種特殊的認識過程,也是一個促進學生身心發展的過△程。

                5.D
                【解析】1924 年廖世承編寫了我國第一♂本《教☆育心理學》教科書。

                6.B
                【解析】為了對人的聰明程度作定量分析,心理學家創造了許多測量工具,這些測量工具被稱作他想要知道離這中忍考試結束還有多久智力量表。世界上最著名的智力量表是斯坦福-比納量表(簡稱S B 量表)。該量表最初人由法國人比納和西蒙於1905 年編制,後被引入美國,由斯坦福大學的推孟作了多次修訂而聞名〓於世。

                7.B
                【解析】略。

                8.B
                【解析】頭腦風暴法指用思維高度活躍,打破常規的思維方式產生大量創★造性設想的狀況。頭腦風暴的特點是讓與會者敞開思想,使各種設想在相互碰撞中激起腦海的創造性風暴。其可分為直接頭腦風暴和質疑頭腦風暴法。

                9.A
                【解析】B bit(字節)的簡寫。1024 B =1 KB1024 KB =1 MB1024 MB =1 GB

                10.B
                【解析】調制解調器也叫Modem,它是一個通也不怕你不說出機密所在過電話撥號接入Internet 的必ω 備的硬件設備。通常計算機內部使用∩的是“數字信號”,而通過電話線路傳輸的信號是“模擬信號”。調制解調器的作用就是當計算機發送信息時,將計算機內部使用〇的數字信號轉換成可以用電話線傳輸的模擬信號,通過電話線發果然送出去;接收信息時,把電話線上傳來的∮模擬信號轉換成數字▆信號傳送給計算機,供其接收和處理。

                七、多項選擇題

                1.ACD
                【解析】學校教育與家庭教育血液一滴一滴相互配合的方法有Ψ以下幾種:(1)互訪。包括教師訪問家長和家長訪問教師。(2)家長會。這是學校與家庭取得血液聯系的較為普遍的方式。學校每學期應召開一至兩次家長會,一方面加強學校與家長的溝通,向家長匯報學校工作情況,交流教育經驗,互相配合共同做好對學生的教育工作,同時應對家長進行教育學知識的普及工作。(3)家長委員會。這是學校與家長互相聯系和配合的經常性組》織。家長委員會由家那就是這個村落裏長民主選舉產生,由有教育經驗、關心學校教育、熱心社會工作的∩有威信的家長擔任委員,代表全體家長與學校配合工作。

                2.ABCD
                【解析】德育╱的內容實際上就是道德教育、思想教育和政治教育的→內容。德育↑的內容應當包括三個主要層次:一是基本道德行為規範№的教育;二是公民道德㊣ 與政治品質的教育;三是較高層次的世界觀與人生觀、理想教育等。新時期課改中,學生的心理教育也被納入德育教育之列。

                3.ABC
                【解析】略。

                4.ABCD
                【解析】課堂管理就是指教師通過協調課堂內的ω 各種人際關系而有效地實現預定教學目標的過程。影響課堂管理的因素包括以下幾方面:(1)教師的領很快導風格。教師的領導風格對課堂管理有直接的影響。普雷斯頓認果然為,參與式領導和監督式領導對課堂管理■有不同的影響。(2)班級規模。班級的大小是影響課堂管理的一個重要因素。首先,班級的大小會影響成員間的情感聯系。其次,班內的學生越多,學生間的個別差異就越大,課堂管理所遇到的阻力也可能越大。再次,班卐級的大小也會影響交往模式。最後,班級越大,內部越容易形成各種非正式小群體,而這些小群體又會影響課◆堂教學目標的實現。(3)班級的性質。不同的班級往往有不同的★群體規範和不同的凝聚對付底下力,良好的班級〓可以形成一種融洽、和睦、積極混混向上的群體心理氣氛,這有利∏於課堂管理。(4)對教師的期望。班內的學生對教師的課堂行為同樣會形成定型的期望,這種曼斯已經料到了朱俊州是必死無疑期望會影響課堂管理。

                5.ACDE
                【解析】略。

                八、填空題

                1.
                合作學習

                2.
                學習輔導

                3.
                側向遷移

                4.
                內化

                5.
                科學型

                九、簡答題

                1.
                【參考答案】教學目標明確;學生參與學習的積極性高;教學內容正確;教育方喲法恰當;教學結構緊湊▲;教學組織合理。

                2.
                【參考答案】

                (1)
                間接經驗與直接經驗相結合
                ;
                (2)
                掌握知識與發展智力相統一
                ;
                (3)
                教學過程中知、情、意的統一
                ;
                (4)
                教師主導作用與學生①能動性結合。

                3.
                【參考答案】圖形、圖像文件:中國.bmp 五指山.jpeg 飛翔
                .gifdog.mpg
                聲音文件:丁香花.mp3 哭沙
                .rm
                文本文件:新課程.txt 成龍
                .doc
                網頁文件:
                index.htmcxsj.html
                十、論述題

                【參考答案】 觀點:(1)知識觀和學生觀。①強調學生經驗世界的豐富性,學生的∑ 巨大潛能♂;②強調學生經驗世界的差異性。(2)學習觀。學習不是知識由教師向▂學生的傳遞,而是學生【建構自己的知識的過程。(3) 學習中的社會性相互作用。學習理論的一種重◣要傾向。(4)情境教學。突出了學習的具體性和非保密工作還是要做好結構性的一面。啟示:建構主義更為充分地展示了認識活動的能動性,但卻又表現出了一定的相對主義和工具主義的色彩。

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